The Russian Parliament adopted the Law on creation of a specialized Intellectual Property Court. The new court is planned to start working in 2013. It will handle two categories of cases: disputes with PTO and appeals in IP infringement cases. All the cases will be heard by a panel of judges. For purposes of studying technical issues (e.g. in patent diputes) the stuff of the Court will include advisers with an appropriate qualification. Creation of IP Court is supposed to improve the existing system of handling complicated IP related disputes.